10 May Speed training for football players
When you’re watching a game of football, it’s usually high-speed movements that drive match determining plays.
Fast attacking players terrorise defenders, put points on the scoreboard and excite crowds. Fast defenders, on the other hand, can more effectively shut down their opposition and recover from errors.
Football coaches recognise the value of speed but are often reluctant to, or incorrectly, include speed development in their programs.
Let’s break down the misconceptions about football player’s speed training to increase your speed and, in doing so, up your game too!
How speed is used as an identifier of talent in football
Speed is regularly a key criterion in talent identification. Fast players are selected ahead of ‘skilled’ players as it’s a widely held notion that game skills can be taught but speed is something you’re born with.
Of course, there is a genetic ceiling on speed as with all physical attributes, but speed should be considered no less coachable than other facets of football. Many football coaches avoid speed training because it’s considered to be either too technical, too dangerous, or out of a belief that the game itself is enough for optimal speed development.
How speed training will help your game
Footballers are often fast but inefficient movers. Speed is not about fast feet or running ‘on your toes’, but rather improving your overall mechanics and force application to the ground.
Speed training not only improves performance but is also the most effective exercise-based strategy to prevent muscle injuries in footballers.
Speed training helps:
- Enhance a player’s acceleration and top end speed
- Increase their speed reserve
- Delay fatigue
- Decrease their risk of injury by reducing energy leaks
Players should strive to master a basic technical model to enable safer speed stimulus exposure at training. Obviously, during the game there will be differences as most players will not resemble a 100m sprinter due to constraints such as the ball and opponents.
Breaking down football player’s speed training misconceptions
Misconception 1: “You can’t train speed”
Yes, you can! If you see an expert that is. This misconception makes it difficult to convince a player that speed is trainable when they believe they are slow or have been repeatedly labelled slow in the past.
All players can push their speed ceiling higher and will benefit from a progressively overloaded speed development program.
Misconception 2: “Fast football players don’t need sprint training”
The physical attributes providing fast players their speed edge can also make them more susceptible to injury. These ‘fast’ players need regular speed exposure the most to help protect them from injury as they hit high speeds more often in training and games.
Explosiveness and sprinting efficiency cannot be maximally developed through just playing the game as the ball constrains intensity. No training modality improves speed as much as sprinting itself.
Misconception 3: “Speed looks the same for everyone”
Improved on field ‘football performance’ is the goal. However, it’s important not to remove qualities that make a player fast or limit their movement options. If the players technical deficiencies are unlikely to lead to decreased performance or injury, then avoid overcoaching. Adjustments may sometimes be more for aesthetics than function.
An accredited exercise scientist’s approach to speed
At M E Hughes AES Football, I provide players with the speed development stimulus they are missing. The overwhelming majority of players I work with have never experienced a true speed session.
One minute recovery per 10m of maximum velocity sprinting is inconceivable in many team settings and the culture shock is evident on my players faces when sufficient rest time is implemented during our sessions.
Sprinting is extremely taxing on the nervous system and once fatigued, the likelihood of developing speed diminishes.
It becomes a conditioning exercise if insufficient recovery between reps is provided for adaptation (due to time constraints, curriculum demands or a football coach’s lack of understanding of speed fundamentals).
Adding speed training to your football training sessions
Matt incorporates the same fundamentals into his speed sessions with footballers from all codes.
Here’s what a typical M E Hughes AES Football session includes:
- Mini band activation, technical drills, injury prevention
- Constraints based and resistance activities (e.g., wicket drills, sleds)
- Progression to maximal velocity sprints utilising various starting positions
- Example: falling, push up, rolling
- Maximal velocity sprints
- 30 – 60m reps
- Volume: 200m – 300m in total
- 1 minute rest per 10m sprinted
- Cool down and feedback
- Timing gate metrics on testing days
If you’re looking to take your game to the next level, an Accredited Exercise Scientist or Sports Scientist can help to boost your performance. To find a one near you click here.
Written by Accredited Exercise Scientist, Matt Hughes from M E Hughes AES Football.